Bipolar Disorder Treatment in Knoxville
Clinically Proven Programs to Help Treat Bipolar Disorder
Bipolar disorder is a serious mental health condition that causes a person to experience unusual changes in mood, motivation, energy, and activity. Individuals with bipolar disorder often experience pronounced periods of mania (high energy) and depression (low energy), though symptoms can vary from person to person.
If you or someone you love is struggling with bipolar disorder, you already know the impact it can have on individuals and their families. The good news is that treatment is possible, and help is available.
In a welcoming, stigma-free environment, we help individuals and families heal, while also providing the tools our clients need to successfully navigate their condition so that they can lead normal, healthy lives.
On This Page:
- What Is Bipolar Disorder?
- What Are the Symptoms of Bipolar Disorder?
- Co-Occurring Behavioral & Mental Health Conditions
- How Bipolar Disorder Is Treated
- Stigma-Free Support for You & Your Family
What Is Bipolar Disorder?
Formerly known as manic-depressive illness or manic depression, bipolar disorder is characterized by dramatic shifts in mood. There are three types of bipolar disorder, but all three involve an experience of “highs” and “lows,” during which individuals may experience feelings of mania and depression, respectively.
The three types of bipolar disorder are:
- Bipolar I: An individual with bipolar I disorder experiences periods of mania (high energy, elation, irritability, and a feeling of being “up”) that last seven days or longer. In some cases, those with bipolar I experience manic episodes that are severe enough to warrant immediate hospitalization. Often, those with bipolar I will also experience “down” periods, characterized by feelings of depression, low energy, hopelessness, indifference, etc. Individuals can experience “mixed” depressive episodes, in which symptoms of mania and depression coexist at the same time.
- Bipolar II: With bipolar II disorder, an individual experiences pronounced depressive periods and periods of “hypomania.” Hypomania is characterized as less-severe mania. Individuals may feel “up” or experience somewhat increased energy levels, but they will not experience the same full-blown manic episodes as someone with bipolar I disorder.
- Cyclothymia: Cyclothymic bipolar disorder is characterized by periods of extended depressive symptoms, lasting at least one year in children and adolescents and at least two years in adults. Individuals will also experience periods of hypomania but will not experience full-blown manic episodes. The symptoms of cyclothymia do not typically meet the diagnostic criteria to be considered depressive or hypomanic episodes, making this a particularly difficult type of bipolar disorder to detect. Individuals who suffer from cyclothymia may be misdiagnosed with depression or may not receive any concrete diagnosis without extensive analysis.
In some cases, a person may experience additional symptoms not listed here but which still indicate bipolar disorder or other unspecified and specified bipolar-related disorders.
What Are the Symptoms of Bipolar Disorder?
Symptoms of bipolar disorder can vary significantly, depending on the type and the individual’s unique experience. However, there are several distinct symptoms of manic and depressive episodes, which may be recognized by the individual and/or their loved ones.
Some of the symptoms of a manic episode include:
- Feeling very “up” or “high”
- Feelings of elation
- Increased self-confidence/self-esteem
- Talking rapidly or jumping from topic to topic
- Feeling touchy, jumpy, or “wired”
- Needing less sleep than usual
- Decreased appetite
- Racing thoughts
- Feelings of power or importance
- Feeling unusually talented or creative
- Doing many different things at once
- Engaging in risky behaviors
- Increased sex drive
Often, an individual may recognize signs of bipolar disorder (or a manic or depressive episode) without recognizing the potentially harmful and negative impacts. They may even recognize symptoms of mania and depression occurring at the same time, such as feeling hopeless or down while also experiencing increased energy and a decreased need for sleep.
Some of the symptoms of a depressive episode include:
- Feeling very “down” or depressed
- Excessive sleep
- Difficulty sleeping, including trouble falling or staying asleep
- Feelings of hopelessness or uncontrollable worry
- Increased appetite
- Feeling unable to make decisions
- A feeling of being “slowed down”
- Speaking slowly
- Inability to experience pleasure
- Memory issues/forgetting things often
- Lost interest in an array of activities
- Feelings of worthlessness
- Decreased sex drive
- Difficulty concentrating or focusing on/completing simple tasks
- Thoughts of death and/or suicide
It is also important to note that an individual could be suffering from bipolar disorder even if they do not experience severe symptoms. For example, a person with bipolar II disorder may experience hypomania, which may feel less like a manic episode and more like an “easing” of a depressive episode. During hypomania, a person may feel more productive, motivated, and better able to keep up with daily life. Without proper treatment, however, an individual experiencing hypomanic episodes may develop severe depression or mania.
Co-Occurring Behavioral & Mental Health Conditions
It is common for bipolar disorder to co-occur with other behavioral and mental health conditions.
Those diagnosed with bipolar disorder may also have/be diagnosed with:
- Anxiety disorders
- Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
- Eating disorders
- Substance misuse/abuse disorders
Often, individuals attempt to self-medicate to cope with the severe symptoms of bipolar disorder. This may lead to alcohol abuse disorders, alcoholism, prescription drug misuse, illicit drug abuse, and addiction. As a result, treating bipolar disorder involves a whole-person approach, one that looks at the individual’s overall physical and mental wellness, as well as their behavioral health and environment.
How Bipolar Disorder Is Treated
Bipolar disorder is treatable, even when symptoms are severe. The most effective treatment programs typically involve talk therapy, medication, or a combination of the two.
At Tennessee Wellness Center, we offer a range of bipolar disorder treatments in Knoxville, including:
- Individual therapy
- Group therapy
- Family therapy
- Cognitive behavioral therapy
- Support groups
- Aftercare and ongoing support
It is important to note that bipolar disorder is a lifelong condition. Effective treatment focuses not on “recovering from” the illness but on managing it so that the individual can lead a healthy, productive life.
With our intensive outpatient program and partial hospitalization program, you continue living at home while traveling to our facility every day or several times a week to attend therapy, support group meetings, and other treatments. In treatment, you will receive critical tools that allow you to identify symptoms of your disorder and effectively manage those symptoms. You will also have the opportunity to put these skills into practice in your day-to-day life as you continue working, seeing family members, and developing or rebuilding meaningful relationships with your loved ones.
Stigma-Free Support for You & Your Family
At Tennessee Wellness Center, we believe that bipolar disorder is a family disease, meaning it affects not only the individual but his or her loved ones, as well. Similarly, familial support is a key element of effectively managing your disorder. We work with our clients and their families to help them develop a united front and remain involved throughout the process.
We see ourselves as more than a treatment center; we are a family of individuals who truly care about you and your well-being. Our team is focused on your complete wellness, and we are ready to help you take that first step.